Leadership challenges facing the next Fed chair

Video

 

Listen to Audio


Download Audio as MP3
Event Summary

How much can the Federal Reserve keep buying, and to what extent can it expand its balance sheet? Moreover, what are the limits of monetary policy? At an AEI event on Thursday, financial experts joined AEI's Alex Pollock to discuss the pending challenges facing the next Fed chair. Peter Fisher of BlackRock Investment Institute highlighted that Federal Open Market Committee members do not agree on what forward guidance means. Consequently, he urged the Fed to clarify its theory of expectations.

AEI's John Makin argued that markets and policymakers have placed the Fed on an unrealistic pedestal, expecting it to do more than it can. He said that while the Fed's emergency actions during the financial crisis bolstered the economy, the Fed faces a difficult task in maintaining a low and stable rate of inflation while remembering that it cannot affect unemployment.
 
AEI's Stephen Oliner posed a dilemma: if the economy remains sluggish despite the Fed's optimistic forecast, how long will the Fed continue to expand its balance sheet and how will it extend forward guidance in the future? Conversely, what if the economy fares better than forecasted and the inflation rate increases? Oliner argued that Fed guidance should not rely excessively on fallible forecasts.
--Rahee Jung

Live blog from the event

Event Description

President Obama will soon nominate the next chair of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, coming at a time when the Fed balance sheet has inflated to the unprecedented size of $3.6 trillion, including $1.3 trillion in mortgages.  Since the financial crisis, the Fed has been following an aggressive "easy money" strategy, including buying $85 billion of bonds and mortgages each month and keeping real short-term interest rates negative. What’s next? Can the Fed stop now?

At this event, Fed policy experts will discuss the leadership challenges facing the next Fed chair, including continuing or ending quantitative easing, dealing with systemic risk, addressing the effects of the Fed’s actions on other countries, and meeting the Fed's statutory mandates for stable prices, employment, and moderate long-term interest rates.

If you are unable to attend, we welcome you to watch the event live on this page. Full video will be posted within 24 hours.

Learn more about the 3 challenges awaiting the next Federal Reserve chair:

Also Visit
AEIdeas Blog The American Magazine
About the Author

 

John H.
Makin
  • John H. Makin is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) where he studies the US economy, monetary policy, financial markets, corporate taxation and banking. He also studies and writes frequently about Japanese, Chinese and European economic issues.

    Makin has served as a consultant to the US Treasury Department, the Congressional Budget Office, and the International Monetary Fund. He spent twenty years on Wall Street as the chief economist, and later as a principal of Caxton Associates a trading and investment firm. Earlier, Makin taught economics at various universities including the University of Virginia. He has also been a scholar at the Bank of Japan, the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, the Federal Bank of Chicago, and the National Bureau of Economic Research. A prolific writer, Makin is the author of numerous books and articles on financial, monetary, and fiscal policy. Makin also writes AEI's monthly Economic Outlook which pairs insightful research with current economic topics.

    Makin received his doctorate and master’s degree in economics from University of Chicago, and bachelor’s degree in economics from Trinity College.


    Follow John Makin on Twitter.

  • Phone: 202-862-5828
    Email: jmakin@aei.org
  • Assistant Info

    Name: Brittany Pineros
    Phone: 202-862-5926
    Email: brittany.pineros@aei.org

 

Alex J.
Pollock
  • Alex J. Pollock is a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where he studies and writes about housing finance; government-sponsored enterprises, including Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Federal Home Loan Banks; retirement finance; and banking and central banks. He also works on corporate governance and accounting standards issues.


    Pollock has had a 35-year career in banking and was president and CEO of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago for more than 12 years immediately before joining AEI. A prolific writer, he has written numerous articles on financial systems and is the author of the book “Boom and Bust: Financial Cycles and Human Prosperity” (AEI Press, 2011). He has also created a one-page mortgage form to help borrowers understand their mortgage obligations.


    The lead director of CME Group, Pollock is also a director of the Great Lakes Higher Education Corporation and the chairman of the board of the Great Books Foundation. He is a past president of the International Union for Housing Finance.


    He has an M.P.A. in international relations from Princeton University, an M.A. in philosophy from the University of Chicago, and a B.A. from Williams College.


  • Phone: 202.862.7190
    Email: apollock@aei.org
  • Assistant Info

    Name: Emily Rapp
    Phone: (202) 419-5212
    Email: emily.rapp@aei.org

 

Stephen D.
Oliner
  • Stephen D. Oliner is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and a senior fellow at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Ziman Center for Real Estate.

    Oliner joined AEI after spending more than 25 years at the Federal Reserve Board. An economist by training, Oliner held a number of high-level positions at the Fed and was closely involved in the Fed's analysis of the US economy and financial markets. Since leaving the Fed, Oliner has become well known for his analysis of US monetary policy and has maintained an active research agenda that focuses on real estate issues and the US economy’s growth potential.  He is coprincipal developer of the AEI Pinto-Oliner Mortgage Risk, Collateral Risk, and Capital Adequacy Indexes.

    Oliner has a Ph.D. and an M.S. in economics from the University of Wisconsin. He received a B.A. in economics from the University of Virginia.

  • Phone: 202.419.5205
    Email: stephen.oliner@aei.org
  • Assistant Info

    Name: Emily Rapp
    Phone: 202.419.5212
    Email: emily.rapp@aei.org

What's new on AEI

image The money in banking: Comparing salaries of bank and bank regulatory employees
image What Obama should say about China in Japan
image A key to college success: Involved dads
image China takes the fight to space
AEI on Facebook
Events Calendar
  • 21
    MON
  • 22
    TUE
  • 23
    WED
  • 24
    THU
  • 25
    FRI
Wednesday, April 23, 2014 | 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.
Graduation day: How dads’ involvement impacts higher education success

Join a diverse group of panelists — including sociologists, education experts, and students — for a discussion of how public policy and culture can help families lay a firmer foundation for their children’s educational success, and of how the effects of paternal involvement vary by socioeconomic background.

Event Registration is Closed
Thursday, April 24, 2014 | 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.
Getting it right: A better strategy to defeat al Qaeda

This event will coincide with the release of a new report by AEI’s Mary Habeck, which analyzes why current national security policy is failing to stop the advancement of al Qaeda and its affiliates and what the US can do to develop a successful strategy to defeat this enemy.

Friday, April 25, 2014 | 9:15 a.m. – 1:15 p.m.
Obamacare’s rocky start and uncertain future

During this event, experts with many different views on the ACA will offer their predictions for the future.   

No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.