Entrada de Capitales y Acumulación de Reservas: Evidencia Reciente

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En los últimos diez años, las autoridades de política en distintos países emergentes han optado por limitar las fluctuaciones del valor de sus monedas respecto al dólar americano. En este documento se utiliza una relación de paridad de tasas de interés para identificar las fuentes potenciales de presiones alcistas en el valor del tipo de cambio y para explicar las opciones de política orientadas a contener dichas presiones. Se documenta en qué medida la acumulación de reservas internacionales ha sido esterilizada y se provee una lista minuciosa de las principales iniciativas de política relacionadas a acotar las fuerzas, que de otra forma apreciarían el tipo de cambio en más de cien países. La evaluación de los esfuerzos de política muestra una amplia variedad de herramientas utilizadas con el objetivo de contener la ola de flujos de capitales.

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About the Author

 

Vincent R.
Reinhart
  • Vincent Reinhart, a former director of the Federal Reserve Board's Division of Monetary Affairs, joined AEI in 2008 after working on domestic and international aspects of U.S. monetary policy at the Fed for more than two decades. He held a number of senior positions in the Divisions of Monetary Affairs and International Finance and served for the last six years of his Federal Reserve career as secretary and economist of the Federal Open Market Committee. Mr. Reinhart worked on topics as varied as economic bubbles and the conduct of monetary policy, auctions of U.S. Treasury securities, alternative strategies for monetary policy, and the efficient communication of monetary policy decisions. At AEI, he has continued his work on all of the above in addition to research on key economic variables before and after adverse global and country-specific shocks, policy mistakes leading to the 2007-09 financial meltdown, and the implementation and impact of quantitative easing.
  • Email: vincent.reinhart@aei.org

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