The Duncan precedent, 2013 edition

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  • Frederick Hess takes a look down the road at the ED's "backdoor blueprint"

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The Obama administration steadfastly refuses to acknowledge the problems with ED's "backdoor blueprint" waiver strategy or the ugly precedent that it's trying to set. But those with even a glimmer of imagination can see where this is going...

Transcript from Fox News Channel

January 13, 2013

Chris Wallace: First off, congratulations Congresswoman Bachmann on being named U.S. Secretary of Education by President-elect Perry.

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: Thanks very much. It's a big job, and I'm looking forward to tackling it.

Chris Wallace: Last November, the Democrats narrowly retained control of the Senate and the Republicans enjoy only a modest majority in the House. Are you worried you'll be unable to make the legislative changes that you and the President think necessary?

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: Once upon a time, that might've been a concern. Happily, the Obama administration provided a path for driving educational change even when you don't have the votes. That's why we've promised that, come inauguration day, we'll be ditching the Obama administration's requirements for waivers from No Child Left Behind and substituting our own. They'll be drawn from the President's plan that we've been calling the Freedom Blueprint.

Chris Wallace: What do you have in mind?

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: We'll be employing the Obama administration's notion that we can provide states waivers from federal law so long as they promise to do stuff that we like. We'll impose a few conditions for states seeking to maintain their NCLB waivers or obtain new ones. They'll have to adopt certain elements of our Freedom Blueprint if they want their waivers.

Chris Wallace: What are those elements?

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: We have five in mind. States will need to institute a moment of silence in all "turnaround" schools, adopt a statewide school voucher plan for low-income students and those in failing schools, require abstinence education, restrict collective bargaining to wages and prohibit bargaining over benefits or policy, and ask states to revise their charter laws to ensure that for-profit operators are no longer discriminated against on the basis of tax status.

Chris Wallace: In response to your plans, Obama administration domestic policy chief Melody Barnes has complained that you're distorting and misrepresenting what they did. She told MSNBC, "We insisted on a peer review process. Moreover, all of our conditions could, if you squinted really hard, be vaguely connected to provisions in NCLB." What do you say to that?

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: Oh, I can assure your viewers that we'll scrupulously abide by those same practices. We'll establish a peer review process, and I'll take care to lay out criteria for reviewers and select reviewers who I think will do a good job. So, no problem. And our lawyers have already found ways to link all our criteria to NCLB and federal law at least as closely as the Obama team could link requirements like the Common Core and value-added teacher evaluation.

"Happily, the Obama administration provided a path for driving educational change even when you don't have the votes." -- Frederick Hess as Bachmann

Chris Wallace: Can you say a bit more about the claim that your conditions are consistent with the existing law?

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: Sure. We see the moment of silence as simply one tool for ensuring a cultural shift in turnaround schools. It fits cleanly with the potpourri of turnaround models that the Obama administration championed and within the school restructuring framework of NCLB. The voucher condition is simply an expansion of the kinds of choice opportunities already provided by supplemental educational services and the school choice provisions, and is consistent with established practice governing equitable services. The abstinence requirement is just a clarification of policy under Title 9. And the collective bargaining and charter school requirements I see as different only in emphasis, but not in kind, from what Duncan's team insisted upon under existing language regarding charter schooling and teacher quality.

Chris Wallace: States that adopted the reforms that Secretary Duncan required might feel whipsawed by this change.

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: Gee, maybe they should've thought of that before they so meekly accepted Duncan's conditional waivers in the first place.

Chris Wallace: In some more Democratic states, like New York or California, governors have made it clear they agree that NCLB is broken, but that they're not willing to accept the conditions you've got in mind. They say that puts them in an untenable position. Any thoughts?

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: I'll tell them what the Obama administration told the President-elect when Texas was considering seeking an NCLB waiver. Secretary Duncan said, "There's no pressure, no pressure at all. You're free to tell your schools and districts to live with one-size-fits-all mandates that just don't work. I'm sure your voters will understand why so many of their schools are labeled failing, and your suburban parents will welcome the mandated remedies."

Chris Wallace: Some Democrats might say that's not really a fair choice.

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: Oh, I don't know about that. Secretary Duncan told Governor Perry it was a fair choice. I believe his words were something like, "The President directed us to provide relief, but only for states prepared to address our educational challenges." We feel the same way. We just want to see states signal their reform-mindedness by embracing a few key reforms. In fact, we've taken to calling it the Duncan precedent.

Chris Wallace: But won't states that reject your conditions be trapped in a law that's regarded as broken?

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: If I may quote Ms. Barnes from back in 2011, "We'll encourage all states to apply and each one should have a chance to succeed. But those that don't will have to comply with No Child Left Behind's requirements, until Congress enacts a law that will deliver change to all 50 states."

Chris Wallace: Thank you for your time, Madame Secretary-designate.

SecEd Nominee Bachmann: No, thank you. And, if you don't mind, I'll just shout out a big Minnesota thank you to Secretary Duncan and the Obama administration for making this job so much more fun.

Rick Hess is a resident scholar at AEI.

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About the Author


Frederick M.
  • An educator, political scientist and author, Frederick M. Hess studies K-12 and higher education issues. His books include "Cage-Busting Leadership," "Breakthrough Leadership in the Digital Age," "The Same Thing Over and Over," "Education Unbound," "Common Sense School Reform," "Revolution at the Margins," and "Spinning Wheels." He is also the author of the popular Education Week blog, "Rick Hess Straight Up." Hess's work has appeared in scholarly and popular outlets such as Teachers College Record, Harvard Education Review, Social Science Quarterly, Urban Affairs Review, American Politics Quarterly, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Phi Delta Kappan, Educational Leadership, U.S. News & World Report, National Affairs, the Washington Post, the New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, the Atlantic and National Review. He has edited widely cited volumes on the Common Core, the role of for-profits in education, education philanthropy, school costs and productivity, the impact of education research, and No Child Left Behind.  Hess serves as executive editor of Education Next, as lead faculty member for the Rice Education Entrepreneurship Program, and on the review boards for the Broad Prize in Urban Education and the Broad Prize for Public Charter Schools. He also serves on the boards of directors of the National Association of Charter School Authorizers and 4.0 SCHOOLS. A former high school social studies teacher, he teaches or has taught at the University of Virginia, the University of Pennsylvania, Georgetown University, Rice University and Harvard University. He holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in Government, as well as an M.Ed. in Teaching and Curriculum, from Harvard University.

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