Great books by AEI scholars: Reading list

Since AEI’s founding 75 years ago, its scholars, adjuncts, and members of the Council of Academic Advisers have published many influential books. Below are descriptions of 75 of them, chosen by a group of current scholars to represent the depth, breadth, and policy impact of AEI’s work.

Yeltsin: A Revolutionary Life
Leon Aron
St. Martin's Press, 2000

This book was reviewed on the front page of the New York Times Book Review and soon became the most important biography of Boris Yeltsin and a significant portrait of his times. Aron is also the author of Roads to the Temple: Truth, Memory, Ideas, and Ideals in the Making of the Russian Revolution, 1987–1991 (Yale University Press, 2012). He breaks new ground in describing the reasons for the Soviet collapse. His explanation, the result of his examination of thousands of documents by ordinary citizens and intellectuals, is the rapid and dramatic moral evolution of the populace.

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Here the People Rule
Edward C. Banfield
AEI, 1991, second edition

This book is a collection of descriptive and analytic essays by Harvard professor Banfield on the American political system. Some of the essays deal with the structure and functioning of the federal system and others with the nature of the public. The two final chapters deal with the relationship between economics and political science. In AEI’s early history, Banfield wrote on foreign aid doctrine. His skepticism of government’s ability to address major social problems may have brought him early into the AEI orbit. His first book in 1951, Government Project, looked at one of the New Deal projects.

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Free Trade, Sovereignty, Democracy: The Future of the World Trade Organization
Claude Barfield
AEI, 2001

Barfield is the author of many AEI studies on trade, of which this is one. He wrote (with AEI scholar Jack Calfee) an AEI Press book, Biotechnology and the Patent System: Balancing Innovation and Property Rights, in 2007. His primer for the AEI Values & Capitalism project, written with Phil Levy, called Swap: How Trade Works, has been very popular.

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The Almanac of American Politics 2012
Michael Barone (with various coauthors)
University of Chicago Press, 2011

This invaluable guide to American political life, now in its 22nd edition, has been published for every election cycle since 1972. It provides full and lively profiles of all governors, senators, and members of Congress.

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United States Aid and Indian Economic Development
Peter T. Bauer
AEI, 1959

This book is one of the early critiques of US foreign aid policy. Bauer argues that India needed to reduce the activities of government “away from policies restricting the energies and opportunities of its subjects.” He opposed a proposal by Senator Kennedy to provide more aid, not because of its costs to the United States but because of its costs to India. Other early AEI works on foreign aid were Edward Banfield’s American Foreign Aid Doctrines (1963) and Pulitzer Prize winner and American Enterprise Association advisory board member Felix Morley and Lorna Morley’s The Patchwork History of Foreign Aid (1961).

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To Empower People: The Role of Mediating Structures in Public Policy
Peter Berger and Richard John Neuhaus
AEI, 1977

This is one of the most important discussions of mediating structures (what Edmund Burke called the “little platoons”) of family, neighborhood, churches, and voluntary associations closest to the control and aspirations of the American people. On the 20th anniversary of its publication, the AEI Press republished the volume with commentary from noted AEI scholars such as Michael Novak. The project to renew civil society through these intermediate institutions is one leaders such as Paul Ryan have embraced.

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After the People Vote: Steps in Choosing the President
Walter Berns, Norman J. Ornstein, Martin Diamond, Akhil Amar, Vikram Amar; John C. Fortier, ed.
AEI, 1983 (several editions)

This volume by one of the country’s great constitutional scholars answers many questions about potential election outcomes. An updated edition was especially popular during the aftermath of the 2000 election. Walter Berns is also the author of Making Patriots (University of Chicago Press, 2001). This book is a rich exploration of love of country.

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Toward a More Perfect Union: Writings of Herbert J. Storing
Joseph M. Bessette, ed.
AEI, 1995

This book, part of AEI’s “Landmarks of Political Thought” series, brings together many essays of the influential scholar Herbert Storing, who wrote widely on the American founding, race relations, bureaucracy, and statesmanship. Many pieces in this book are still used in college syllabi today.

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Surrender Is Not an Option: Defending America at the United Nations and Abroad
John Bolton
Threshold Edition, Simon & Schuster, 2007

This book describes Bolton’s stormy tenure at the United Nations. It has echoes of, and demonstrates continuity with, AEI scholar Jeane Kirkpatrick’s concerns about UN actions and practices during her Reagan-era tenure there.

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The Antitrust Paradox: A Policy at War with Itself
Robert Bork
Simon & Schuster, 1997 (1st ed., Basic Books, 1978)

Bork became an AEI adjunct scholar in 1971 and a resident scholar in 1977. His work on antitrust policy changed the way legal scholars and jurists think about the issue. AEI’s work on antitrust policy began in the 1960s. In 1968, AEI published the first digest of antitrust consent decrees, a 1,600-page volume. Other AEI works on antitrust include The Antitrust Laws: A Primer by Irwin Stelzer and John Shenefield and Antitrust Penalty Reform: An Economic Analysis, by William Breit and Kenneth G. Elzinga.

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Who Really Cares: The Surprising Truth About Compassionate Conservatism
Arthur Brooks
Perseus, 2006

Brooks’s research on America’s giving patterns and habits showed that conservatives give more in money and time to charitable activities than do liberals and Democrats. In the book, he explains why and shows how government negatively impacts charitable activity. This book and his other writings brought him to the attention of AEI, and he was named the institute’s president on January 1, 2009. He has continued to publish thought-provoking books such as The Battle: How the Fight Between Free Enterprise and Government Will Shape America's Future (Basic, 2010) and The Road to Freedom: How to Win the Fight for Free Enterprise (Basic, 2012).

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Public Debt in a Democratic Society
James Buchanan and Richard E. Wagner
AEI, 1967

Buchanan, who later won a Nobel Prize, and his coauthor try in this volume to sort out confusion about, and apply analytical rigor to thinking on, public debt to “insure that informed members of the political community think straight.”

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Measuring Business Cycles
Arthur Burns and Wesley C. Mitchell
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1946

Written with Wesley Clair Mitchell (one of the founders of the National Bureau of Economic Research and its first staff economist), this is probably Burns’s most important economic contribution. Burns joined AEI in 1978 after leaving the chairmanship of the Federal Reserve and returned after his service as ambassador to Germany. He also served as head of the Council of Economic Advisers under Eisenhower and head of the NBER. He was active in AEI affairs starting in the mid-1960s. One of his main concerns at AEI was inflation, and he debated economist Paul Samuelson in the first year of AEI’s Rational Debate series in 1967 on how to achieve full employment.

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Fear of Persuasion: A New Perspective on Advertising and Regulation
John E. Calfee
Agora Press/AEI, 1997

This analysis of the academic evidence on the benefits to consumers of advertising was designed to counter calls for more regulation of advertising, which it did. In 1975, AEI established the Center for Research on Advertising, reflecting the growing importance of advertising in public policy research. Calfee also wrote (with Claude Barfield) the 2007 AEI Press book Biotechnology and the Patent System: Balancing Innovation and Property Rights.

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We the People: The Story of Our Constitution
Lynne V. Cheney
Simon & Schuster, 2008

Cheney has written six bestselling history books for children and their families; this is the most recent. She is currently working on a biography of James Madison.

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Kings of the Hill
Richard B. Cheney and Lynne V. Cheney
Continuum International Publication Group, 1983 (Reissued by Touchstone, 1996)

This book is a lively look at the backgrounds and leadership styles of nine powerful leaders of the US House of Representatives and how they changed the course of history.

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Character and Cops: Ethics in Policing
Edwin J. Delattre
AEI, 1989

This book, now in its 6th edition, is the AEI Press’s bestselling volume. Delattre addresses some key questions: What is excellence of character? What are wisdom and integrity, and how are they related to justice, courage, temperance, and compassion? How does personal virtue figure in the fulfillment of the mission of police?

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Religion and the American Future
Christopher DeMuth and Yuval Levin, eds.
AEI, 2008

William J. Baroody Sr. was the first head of a think tank to appreciate the role religion would play in our political life. He invited Michael Novak to join AEI, and Novak wrote widely (including an essay in this volume) and held seminars at AEI about religion. The workshop on which this volume was based was sponsored by the W. H. Brady Program in Culture and Freedom at AEI, one of the unique philanthropic gifts to AEI. Roger Scruton, Leon Kass, David Gelernter, and Charles Murray contributed to this book.

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As Far as Republican Principles Will Admit
Martin Diamond
AEI, 1992

This collection of essays by the AEI adjunct scholar examines the foundations and nature of the American political order. Columnist George Will said of Diamond that his essays continued what the founders had started: “profound reflections about America’s political promises.”

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Of Men and Materiel: The Crisis in Military Resources
Thomas Donnelly and Gary Schmitt
AEI, 2007

Most people think America’s armed forces have been strengthened since 9/11. Donnelly and Schmitt demonstrate that this is not true, and they explore in detail a problem that has been building for years.

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The Tyranny of Numbers: Mismeasurement and Misrule
Nicholas Eberstadt
AEI, 1995

This collection of essays touches on many aspects of Eberstadt’s work (poverty figures, infant mortality, Soviet demographic challenges). Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan’s introduction to the volume describes Eberstadt’s questioning and debunking of claims about the size of the Soviet economy, which before the Soviet Union’s collapse, was thought to be close to the size of our own economy. His most recent book, A Nation of Takers: America's Entitlement Epidemic (Templeton, 2012), has become an important reference in the discussion of the growth of the entitlement state.

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A Culture of Its Own: Taking Latin America Seriously
Mark Falcoff
Transaction, 1998

This collection of essays, written by one of the country’s leading analysts of Latin America, was widely praised. Falcoff argues that the region has a culture all its own, with its own historical memory, sensibility, and world view. Foreign Affairs wrote, “This book demonstrates why Falcoff . . . has become the most formidable conservative commentator on Latin America in the United States.” Cuba: The Morning After (AEI, 2003) was his final AEI book in a long series of examinations of problems in Latin America. In it, he takes a contrarian view, suggesting that Cuba might not embrace capitalism after Castro’s demise. His first AEI book, Small Countries: Large Issues: Studies in US-Latin American Asymmetries, was published in 1984.

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Contemporary Economic Problems
William Fellner, editor
AEI, 1976–

Fellner was one of the earliest resident scholars at AEI, joining AEI in 1973 after being the Sterling Professor of Economics at Yale from 1952 to 1973 and then a member of AEI’s Council of Economic Advisers from 1973 to 1975. His association with AEI gave instant credibility to the institute, and his work on macroeconomics, money, and inflation was considered classic. Until his death in 1983, Fellner edited this series of volumes, collections of essays by distinguished individuals on the economic programs of the day.

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Poverty: Definition and Perspective
Rose Director Friedman
AEI, 1965

This pamphlet anticipated some of Nicholas Eberstadt’s work on measuring poverty. Rose’s husband, Milton Friedman, joined the American Enterprise Association’s advisory board in the late 1950s. He participated in seminars at AEI in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. In 1967, the first year of AEI’s Rational Debate series, Friedman debated US Treasury official on free versus fixed exchange rates. Free to Choose: A Personal Statement (Avon, 1981), the runaway bestseller written by Rose D. Friedman and Milton Friedman, is probably their best-known work. Their 1998 University of Chicago Press book Two Lucky People tells the story of their lifelong collaboration.

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Scandal: The Culture of Mistrust in American Politics
Suzanne Garment
Crown, 1991

This is the definitive history of scandal in America and a dissection of our obsession with it. Garment was probably quoted more than any other academic during the Clinton scandals.

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From Parchment to Power: How James Madison Used the Bill of Rights to Save the Constitution
Robert Goldwin
AEI, 1997

The Times Literary Supplement said of this work, “What distinguishes his effort from all others, however, is that he not only presents a fascinating narrative of an important event, but also engages with deeper philosophical issues such as the nature of power, liberty and rights.” Another reviewer said Goldwin “distills a lifetime of reflecting about the first principles of republican government into a engaging primer on the origins, ironies, and deeper meanings of the first ten Amendments.” Goldwin also wrote Why Blacks, Women, and Jews Are Not Mentioned in the Constitution and other Unorthodox Views (AEI, 1990), which explores the Constitution’s silences that help to explain the document’s resiliency. The title essay originally appeared in Commentary, and because of its popularity, Goldwin expanded it. Another of his important works, with William Schambra and Art Kaufman, is A Decade of Study of the Constitution (AEI, 1980–90, various years). This is one of AEI’s most important series and, along with the one-volume collection of essays anticipating the bicentennial of the Declaration, it illustrates the depth and breadth of AEI studies in American government. Each of these books is a collection of essays by distinguished scholars. The first was titled How Democratic Is the Constitution? and included essays by Gordon Wood and Walter Berns.

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The Upside-Down Constitution
Michael S. Greve
Harvard University Press, 2012

In this original work, Greve explores the issues that surround the transformation of American federalism from the founding period to today. George Will had this to say about Greve: “Political events and extraordinary scholars have made this a golden age of argument about the Constitution. One of those scholars [is] Michael Greve.” Greve also edited (with Richard Epstein) the important volume Federal Preemption: States’ Powers, National Interests (AEI, 2007). In this book, prominent legal scholars and attorneys debate when federal law should trump state law in a variety of regulatory areas and address constitutional arguments on the utility and purpose of federalism in our highly integrated economy.

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Currency Convertibility
Gottfried Haberler
American Enterprise Association, 1954

Haberler was one of AEI’s first resident scholars, having joined AEI after a long and distinguished career as a professor of economics at Harvard. This was his first contribution to AEI. His book Theory of International Trade (1936), which touted the universal benefits of free international trade, is considered a classic. His book Prosperity and Depression was reissued after the financial crisis in 2009 by the Ludwig von Mises Institute because of its relevance to it. This book was Haberler’s first contribution to AEI.

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Toward Fundamental Tax Reform
Kevin A. Hassett and Alan J. Auerbach, eds.
AEI, 2005

Nine of the world’s leading experts on tax reform, including Nobel laureate Edward Prescott, offer striking different ideas for the most desirable structure of tax reform. In the concluding chapter, Hassett and Auerbach discuss the differences and offer their thoughts for going forward.

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The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964–1980 and The Age of Reagan: The Conservative Counterrevolution, 1980–1989
Steven F. Hayward
Prima Publishing, 2001 and Crown Publishing Group, 2009

These two volumes examine the decade and a half leading up to Reagan’s election and his presidency, respectively, and are considered one of the best explorations of Reagan’s life and times.

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Economics in One Lesson
Henry Hazlitt
Pocket Books, 1952

Hazlitt was actively involved at AEI very early in its history when this book was written as a member of the institute’s advisory board. This is perhaps his most well-known book.

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Natural Gas Regulation: An Evaluation of FPC Price Controls
Robert B. Helms
AEI, 1974

AEI’s first book on regulation of natural gas was published in 1957, and scholars at the institute kept hammering away at the subject. AEI published many books, pamphlets, and articles by AEI scholars and others on the merits of natural gas, airline, pharmaceutical, trucking, and telecommunications deregulation. This and Sam Peltzman’s book on regulation of pharmaceuticals were two of the earliest AEI studies designed to evaluate government programs. In 1975 Paul MacAvoy and R. S. Pindyke published an influential AEI Press book, Price Controls and the Natural Gas Shortage. In 1980, Timothy Clark, Marvin Kosters, and James C. Miller III edited Reforming Regulation, on theory and practices in this area. Three decades after the publication of Helms’s book, the AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies published AEI scholar Robert Hahn’s In Defense of the Economic Analysis of Regulation (2005), a book that argued that the economic impact of regulation received far less scrutiny that directed, budgeted government spending.

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Common Sense School Reform
Frederick M. Hess
Palgrave Macmillan, 2004

AEI scholar Hess dismisses conventional reform efforts such as class size reduction, small schools, and enhanced professional development. He explains that real improvement requires reforms that create a culture of competence by rewarding excellence, punishing failure, and giving educators the freedom and flexibility to do their work.

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The Moral Imagination: From Edmund Burke to Lionel Trilling
Gertrude Himmelfarb
Ivan R. Dee, 2006

A distinguished historian and 25-year veteran of AEI’s Council of Academic Advisers, Himmelfarb published her first book on Lord Acton in 1952. Her many works on Victorian England are especially noteworthy in her long publishing career. Her most recent book is The People of the Book: Philosemitism in England, from Cromwell to Churchill (Encounter Books, 2011).

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Infidel
Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Free Press, 2007

Hirsi Ali recounts her journey from Somalia, Saudi Arabia, and Kenya to the Netherlands, where she became politically active, to her arrival in the United States and at AEI. Today she fights for the rights of Muslim women, for enlightened Islam, and for the values of the West.

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Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Five Steps to a Better Health Care System
R. Glenn Hubbard, John F. Cogan, and Daniel P. Kessler
AEI Press and Hoover Institution Press, 2006/2011

AEI Press and Hoover Institution Press, 2006/2011 In layman’s language, three leading scholars describe how to preserve the strengths of the current health care system while addressing its weaknesses.

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The Clash of Civilizations
Samuel Huntington
Foreign Affairs, 1996

A longtime member of the AEI Council of Academic Advisers, Huntington “road-tested” the thesis of this book in a 1992 Bradley Lecture. In 1981, AEI published Huntington’s The Dilemma of American Ideals and Institutions in Foreign Policy. In 1975, he participated in an AEI Roundtable titled “Can Cultures Communicate?”

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Against the Tide: An Intellectual History of Free Trade
Douglas A. Irwin
Princeton University Press, 1996

The Economist praised this book as an “impressive intellectual achievement,” and Choice named it one of the best academic books of the year. It is a rigorous history of trade from premercantilist times. Irwin wrote it as a visiting scholar at AEI.

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Modern Times
Paul Johnson
Harper & Row, 1985

The influential British historian Johnson credits AEI for making this book, his most popular work, possible. He wrote much of it while a visiting scholar at AEI.

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Choosing Victory: A Plan for Success in Iraq
Frederick W. Kagan
AEI, 2007

This report of the Iraq Planning Group provided detailed arguments and plans for the “surge” in Iraq. It contributed significantly to changing the course of the Iraq War.

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Human Cloning and Human Dignity: The Report of the President’s Council on Bioethics
Leon R. Kass
Public Affairs, 2002

Kass spoke at AEI for the first time in 1978, in a conversation on in vitro fertilization. The author of many books and much-admired teacher at the University of Chicago, he was selected by President George W. Bush to be chairman of his Council on Bioethics in 2001, an indication of his stature in this area. This report of the 17-member council focuses on three major issues: cloning to produce children, cloning for biomedical research, and various public policies that could be enacted. The council members were divided on their recommendations. Kass wrote the foreword.

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The New American Political System
Anthony King, ed.
AEI, 1978

One of AEI’s bestselling books, this collection included essays by leading political scientists such as Fred Greenstein and AEI’s Jeane Kirkpatrick and Austin Ranney. It examined changes in the US political system since the New Deal era.

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Dictatorships and Double Standards: Rationalism and Reason in Politics
Jeane J. Kirkpatrick
Simon & Schuster, 1983

This book is an expanded version of her Commentary magazine essay that brought the political scientist to the attention of Ronald Reagan. While at AEI, Kirkpatrick also wrote about the McGovern Commission rules that changed delegate selection rules for the Democrats after their tumultuous 1968 convention. This influential AEI pamphlet was titled Dismantling the Parties: Reflections on Party Reform and Party Decomposition (AEI, 1978).

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Two Cheers for Capitalism
Irving Kristol
Signet, 1979

Kristol wrote few books, but his defense of capitalism in his regular Wall Street Journal essays and in this book are legendary. In 1995, the Free Press published Neo-conservatism: The Autobiography of an Idea, a collection of essays written by Kristol between 1949 and 1995. That same year, AEI published The Neoconservative Imagination: Essays in Honor of Irving Kristol, edited by Chris DeMuth and William Kristol. In 2011, after his death, Basic Books published another collection of his essays, for which his wife and AEI Council of Academic Advisers member Gertrude Himmelfarb wrote the foreword.

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The Divided Academy: Professors and Politics
Everett Carll Ladd and Seymour Martin Lipset
Carnegie Commission study, 1975; W.W. Norton & Company, 1976

The book was a comprehensive look at the politics of the professoriate, based on a large-scale survey of professors taken after the campus unrest and Vietnam War protests. Ladd and Lipset were AEI adjunct scholars and editors of AEI’s popular magazine Public Opinion. Ladd, along with Karlyn Bowman, inaugurated AEI’s Public Opinion Studies and books tracking opinions on issues such as the environment, abortion, homosexuality, and taxation.

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Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950–1980
Charles Murray
Basic Books, 1984

This book argues that the ambitious social programs of the Great Society to help the poor and disadvantaged not only did not accomplish what they set out to do but often made things worse. It was the catalyst for a seminar directed by Michael Novak that eventually became a pamphlet, The New Consensus on Family and Welfare, that was consequential in moving welfare reform forward. Other important books by Murray include The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (Free Press, 1994) with Richard Herrnstein. This book described the state of scientific knowledge about IQ’s relationship to crime, unemployment, welfare, family formation, poverty, and civic culture, and the ways in which the increased dollar value of intelligence in the marketplace was transforming America’s socioeconomic structure. It caused a national controversy because of its discussion of ethnic differences in intelligence. Another important work of Murray’s is In Pursuit: Of Happiness and Good Government (2nd edition, Liberty Fund, 2013). Using case studies and drawing upon advances in psychology and sociology, Murray develops a strong argument for a return to Jeffersonian ideals of community, local government and individualism. His book Coming Apart: The State of White America, 1960–2010 (Crown Forum, 2012). The top and bottom of white America increasingly live in different cultures, Murray argues, with the upper class living in enclaves surrounded by their own kind, ignorant about life in mainstream America, and the lower class suffering from erosions of family and community life that strike at the heart of the pursuit of happiness. That divergence puts the success of the American project at risk.

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Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism
Joshua Muravchik
Encounter, 2002

In this unsparing account, Muravchik traces the trajectory of socialism through portraits of those who were its leading thinkers and leaders, as well as those who led it to power and presided over its collapse.

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A History of the Federal Reserve
Allan H. Meltzer
University of Chicago Press, 2010

Meltzer’s study is the definitive history of the institution. While at AEI, Meltzer chaired the International Financial Institution Advisory Commission, which was tasked with reporting to Congress on the effectiveness of international financial institutions. One of its surprising recommendations was debt forgiveness for many developing nations. Meltzer’s writing on the causes and consequences of the 2008 financial crisis, like that of other AEI scholars such as Peter Wallison, enlivened the Wall Street Journal’s editorial page during that period.

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The Quest for Community: A Study in the Ethics of Order and Freedom
Robert Nisbet
1953 (Reissued by Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 2010)

This book is one of the major works of historical sociology in the 20th century, and it remains vital today. It documents the ways in which the modern state has destroyed the bonds of family, neighborhood, and community. In 1980, he published History of the Idea of Progress (Basic Books, 1980). Nisbet wrote this book at AEI. It is an overview of the belief in progress from early times to the present by perhaps the country’s greatest sociologist.

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The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism
Michael Novak
Simon & Schuster, 1982

In what is probably his most influential work, Novak describes the three converging systems on which capitalism rests: a democratic polity, a market economy, and a moral culture. This book was translated and distributed by underground presses in samizdat behind the Iron Curtain in the 1980s, and it and Novak’s work on human rights impelled three governments—the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia—to give Novak the highest award they could bestow on a foreign citizen. He also received the Templeton Prize for this book. Another important contribution that Novak spearheaded was The New Consensus on Family and Welfare (AEI and Marquette University, 1987). After the publication of Charles Murray’s Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950–1980, Novak convened a seminar with academics and others with different points of view on addressing the welfare problem. This book described what they agreed on. It was the first public call for a work requirement. Eventually, the work requirement became a centerpiece of the 1996 welfare reform legislation. Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan described the report as “wondrous,” a work of scholarship that attained “statecraft.”

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Growth of Government in the West
G. Warren Nutter
AEI, 1978

Anticipating concerns that we have today, AEI adjunct scholar Nutter examined spending trends, growth ratios, and national income statistics from 16 countries, arguing that “wherever governments were once small, they have become big, and wherever they were big, they have become bigger.” After his death in 1979, AEI instituted a Nutter lecture program to explore the many topics to which he had devoted his career. Among the lecturers in this series were Milton Friedman, James Buchanan, Ronald Coase, George Stigler, and Melvin Laird. In 1988, AEI published these lectures in a book titled Ideas: Their Origins, Their Consequences: Lectures to Commemorate the Life and Work of G. Warren Nutter.

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Vital Statistics on Congress
Norman J. Ornstein, Thomas E. Mann, and Michael J. Malbin
Brookings Institution, 2008

This data-rich compilation, first published in 1980, is the Bible of congressional scholars. A new edition will soon be available online from Brookings. Norman Ornstein is also the author of The Broken Branch: How Congress Is Failing America and How to Get It Back on Track (Oxford University Press, 2006). This book,coauthored with Thomas Mann, discusses the historical roots of Congress's current problems.

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Responsible National Health Insurance
Mark V. Pauley, Patricia Danzon, Paul J. Feldstein, and John Hoff
AEI Press, 1992

AEI’s health scholars seem to agree that this book has had the greatest public significance, setting out principles to guide our thinking about health care reform. AEI published one of its first works on health insurance in 1960. Voluntary Health Insurance in the United States, by Rita Ricardo Campbell and Glenn Campbell (later head of the Hoover Institution), lamented the establishment of a government health insurance program that would “provide government health benefits to millions of aged who can afford to pay for them on their own” and not help those truly in need.

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Regulation of Pharmaceutical Innovation: The 1962 Amendments
Samuel Peltzman
AEI, 1974

Peltzman is a longtime member of the AEI Council of Academic Advisers. The foreword is by AEI adjunct scholar Yale Brozen, who did pioneering studies at AEI evaluating government programs. Peltzman documents how the 1962 Food and Drug Administration “proof of efficacy” regulations had cut the number of new drugs brought to market, doubled the cost of drug development, and increased drug prices. He also wrote an AEI book on regulation of auto safety.

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Australia at the Polls: The National Elections of 1975
Britain at the Polls: The Parliamentary Elections of 1974
France at the Polls: The Presidential Election of 1974
India at the Polls: The Parliamentary Elections of 1977

Howard Penniman
AEI, 1975–88

In these years, AEI published almost 40 volumes on domestic and foreign elections. Most of the books were volumes edited by Penniman and included contributions from well-known scholars in each country whose elections were studied.

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Labor Unions and Public Policy and Labor Unions and the Concept of Public Service
Roscoe Pound
AEI, 1958 and 1960

These two books by the great dean of the Harvard Law School and AEI advisory board member were early AEI forays into labor union practices.

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Why Sovereignty Matters
Jeremy Rabkin
AEI, 1998

Rabkin warns that international regulation could distort the US constitutional system and argues for reviving the traditional American view on international agreements and treaties. In The Case for Sovereignty: Why the World Should Welcome American Independence (AEI, 2004), he defends the concept of sovereignty against common misunderstandings and distortions. Rabkin is a member of AEI’s Council of Academic Advisers.

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The Rise of China: Essays on the Future Competition
Gary J. Schmitt, ed.
Encounter, 2009

This book argues that China is positioning itself to challenge the United States in Asia and, in time, globally.

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How to Think Seriously About the Planet: The Case for an Environmental Conservatism
Roger Scruton
Oxford University Press, 2012

The philosopher Scruton, the author of many books, worked on this volume while he was at AEI. In it, he argues that the environment is not the territory only of the political Left and that personal responsibility and local control are key to solving environmental problems. Steve Hayward is another former AEI scholar who has published extensively on the environment, including the annual Almanac of Environmental Trends (latest print edition Pacific Research Institute, 2011), which documents the progress the United States has made in addressing environmental concerns and answering the doomsayers. In 1950, AEA published The Changing Forest Situation: A Study of Conservation on State and Private Forest Lands, by Frank Sweeney. This book described the steady progress the United States had made in conservation measures and answered voices of doom from that time about the idea the United States was running out of forest land.

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The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression
Amity Shlaes
Harper Collins, 2007

Adjunct AEI scholar Shlaes offers a fresh and provocative history of the Great Depression. She challenges popular views of Roosevelt and the New Deal and describes its colossal overreach. Her new book, on Calvin Coolidge, came out in 2013.

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Who Stole Feminism? How Women Have Betrayed Women
Christina Hoff Sommers
Simon & Schuster, 1995

This indictment of the feminist establishment was a significant turning point in the movement’s fortunes. Sommers argues that extreme feminists undermined the aspirations and values of most American women and the cause of true equality. Her 2000 book, The War Against Boys: How Misguided Feminism Is Harming Our Young Men (Simon & Schuster) is soon to be published in a second edition. At the time it came out, many people were not receptive to the argument. Today, her prescient argument is mainstream opinion.

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The Fiscal Revolution in America
Herbert Stein
University of Chicago Press, 1969

Longtime AEI resident economist Stein was widely admired in his profession for his clear writing. He started a popular newsletter, the AEI Economist, in which he explored contemporary economic questions. In 1992, AEI published his An Illustrated Guide to the American Economy, cowritten with AEI scholar Murray Foss.

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Agricultural Policy Reform in the United States
Daniel A. Sumner, ed.
AEI, 1995

In this volume, Sumner summarizes the key arguments and evidence from the full AEI series on current agricultural issues, with critiques of recent policies and analysis of policy alternatives.

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Voting Rights and Wrongs: The Elusive Quest for Racially Fair Elections
Abigail Thernstrom
AEI 2009

Thernstrom is a longtime student of race in America. In this book, she shows how the Voting Rights Act of 1965 rapidly eliminated barriers to voting in the 1960s and how it has become a brake to racial progress today by keeping black legislators on the sidelines of American politics—the opposite of what the law’s supporters wanted.

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America’s Continuing Revolution
Stephen Tonsor, ed.
AEI, 1975

The volume includes lectures given by 18 distinguished individuals at important sites in our country’s history, such as Independence Hall, Old North Church, and the Wren Building at William & Mary. The lectures were reflections on America’s successes and failures in the new society the founders built. Among the lecturers were Seymour Martin Lipset, Kenneth Clark, Irving Kristol, Dean Rusk, G. Warren Nutter, Gordon Wood, and Wall Street Journal editor Vermont Royster.

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Progressive Consumption Taxation: The X-Tax Revisited and Distributional Analysis of Tax Policy
Alan D. Viard with Robert Carroll and David F. Bradford (ed.)
AEI, 2012 and AEI Press, 1995

In 1995, the late David Bradford popularized an idea called the X tax. Alan Viard and his coauthor argue that the Bradford X tax offers the best form of progressive consumption taxation. The X tax modifies the value-added tax so that it no longer imposes a flat-rate tax on all consumption. Bradford also participated in a series of seminars organized by Glenn Hubbard in 1997 on the economics and politics of fundamental tax reform. A pamphlet by Bradford called Fundamental Issues in Consumption Taxation was published along with several other pamphlets on taxing consumption.

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Going Broke by Degree: Why College Costs Too Much
Richard K. Vedder
AEI, 2004

This book is a rigorous economic analysis of the nitty-gritty of college costs tied to the bigger picture of why we have universities and how they have evolved to their present state.

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The Way the World Works
Jude Wanniski
Basic Books, 1978

Wanniski was a journalist in residence at AEI, and the book was very influential in terms of supply-side thinking in the early Reagan years. He helped to popularize for a new generation Gottfried Haberler’s seminal work on the causes of the Great Depression and especially the role of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act.

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Regulation and Drug Development
William M. Wardell and Louis Lasagna
AEI, 1975

This book examined the impact of regulations on drug development. It was the first study to document the “drug lag,” how far behind the United States was falling compared to other countries in drug development.

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The Real Majority
Ben J. Wattenberg and Richard M. Scammon
Coward-McCann, 1970

This was one of the first books to marry Census and attitudinal data to provide a picture of the electorate. Scammon was a former director of the Census and AEI adjunct scholar. This bestseller included a portrait of the “Dayton housewife,” who was probably the first popular description for a key electoral demographic group. AEI scholar Wattenberg continued his popular writing on Census and other data and with Louis Hicks and Theodore Caplow wrote The First Measured Century. This book paints a portrait using statistical data of the development of the country. Wattenberg also wrote The Birth Dearth: What Happens When People in Free Countries Don’t Have Enough Babies (Pharos Books, 1987). This book documents declining fertility in the United States and elsewhere and discusses the implications. Wattenberg’s interest in population trends is long-standing. He wrote his first essay debunking the population explosion in 1970 for The New Republic. The magazine received more responses to the article than it had ever received for a single article, and most of them were hostile.

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Federal Budgeting: The Choice of Government Programs
Murray L. Weidenbaum
AEI, 1964

Weidenbaum started writing about federal budget issues for AEI in 1964. He was an AEI adjunct and resident scholar, co-editor of AEI’s Regulation magazine, and a member of the institute’s Council of Academic Advisers. He was chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers during Ronald Reagan’s first term. His memoir, One-Armed Economist: On the Intersection of Business and Government, appeared in 2004 from Transaction Publishers.

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Campaign Financing and Political Freedom
Ralph K. Winter Jr.
AEI, 1973

This book, written in association with John Bolton, was intended to influence the debate on campaign finance legislation. The authors argued that limits on campaign spending and on individual contributions were unconstitutional. Its arguments became the basis of the legal challenge Buckley v. Valeo. After Watergate, Senators Sam Ervin and Howard Baker, on behalf of the Watergate committee, asked AEI scholars to help the committee identify the legislative implications of the facts developed during Watergate. Bill Baroody Sr. felt this request was an indication of AEI’s importance in Washington. Watergate and the Law: Political Campaigns and Presidential Power (AEI, 1974) is the text of that report. Professor Alexander Bickel of Yale Law School headed a panel of distinguished scholars on the project that included project director and AEI adjunct scholar Winter and James Q. Wilson.

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American Politics, Then and Now and Other Essays
James Q. Wilson
AEI, 2010

This was the last book Wilson published with the AEI Press. It includes 15 of Wilson’s most insightful essays--drawing on 30 years of his observations on religion, crime, the media, terrorism and extremism, and the notion of “character.” Wilson’s AEI book On Character (1995) discussed the evolution of Wilson’s thinking on that subject. The author of 18 books, he was, until his death, the longest-serving member of AEI’s Council of Academic Advisers, having joined in 1976. Other notable works by Wilson are The Moral Sense (Free Press, 1997) and Crime and Human Nature (with Richard Herrnstein, Free Press, 1998)

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The Powers of War and Peace: The Constitution and Foreign Affairs After 9/11
John Yoo
University of Chicago Press, 2005

This is a sustained intellectual defense of presidential power in foreign policy and military affairs by an AEI visiting scholar who has written extensively in this area, including, more recently, Crisis and Command: A History of Executive Power from George Washington to George W. Bush. AEI resident scholar Gary Schmitt has also weighed in on these debates. His most recent book is Safety, Liberty, and Islamist Terrorism: American and European Approaches to Domestic Counterterrorism (AEI, 2010).

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Nationalizing Mortgage Risk: The Growth of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
Peter J. Wallison, Bert Ely
AEI Press, 2000

In this monograph, Wallison and Ely examine policy options for controlling the increasing dominance of government-sponsored enterprises Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in the mortgage market. Wallison and other AEI financial services scholars, including Edward Pinto, have continued to monitor the practices of government institutions in the residential mortgage market. Many influential scholars and journalists have commented on Wallison’s prescience about the problems of the housing GSEs.

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Warfare beneath the waves: The undersea domain in Asia

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AEI Election Watch 2014: What will happen and why it matters

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What now for the Common Core?

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Brazil’s presidential election: Real challenges, real choices

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