What it means: Reflections on the June 5 recall


Republican Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker (2nd L) embraces his family as he celebrates his victory in the recall election against Democratic challenger and Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett in Waukesha, Wisconsin June 5, 2012.

Article Highlights

  • Scott Walker’s victory over Wisconsin’s public sector unions is a victory for taxpayers nationwide @ArthurBrooks

    Tweet This

  • In 18 months in office, Walker did more for the cause of efficient state government than any other governor in memory.

    Tweet This

  • .@ArthurBrooks: Walker’s electoral victory is important, but setting in motion a national trend will be his legacy.

    Tweet This

Scott Walker’s victory over Wisconsin’s public sector unions and their political allies is a victory not just for his state, but also for taxpayers nationwide. Walker has demonstrated more willingness to tip over the apple carts of public sector unions than almost any recent governor, and he has now shown that standing up to entrenched and powerful interest groups is not a death sentence.

Walker’s triumph is to be celebrated, and it will likely diminish the enthusiasm of the privileged classes in other states to punish pro-growth, pro-taxpayer politicians. But focusing on the recall per se misses the most important point. What’s most important is what Walker would have accomplished even if he had lost his recall fight.

In fewer than 18 months in office, Scott Walker did more for the cause of efficient state government than almost any other governor in memory. Walker rang a bell that cannot be unrung, not just in Wisconsin, but around the country. His governorship is now ratified, but only in another decade will the true import of Walker’s deeds be understood.

Walker’s success came in stating the public-finance fact that few in public life dare to utter: Public-sector collective bargaining is unfair and inherently untenable. In the private sector, unions negotiate with employers who are constrained by costs and competition. Unions have an interest in keeping the firm healthy. But the public sector is different, because taxpayers — unlike customers — can be legally forced to pay higher prices for goods and services provided by government.

Rather than face the wrath of organized government workers, many politicians have simply made unrealistic promises that future officials — and taxpayers — will have to pay for. If this sounds unfair and unsustainable, it’s because it is.

What Walker did was to reinstitute what used to be commonly accepted, obvious-on-its-face economics. President Franklin Roosevelt — hardly a right-wing ideologue — wrote in 1937, “All government employees should realize that the process of collective bargaining, as usually understood, cannot be transplanted into the public service. It has its distinct and insurmountable limitations when applied to public personnel management.”

In 1955, AFL-CIO chief George Meany put it even more plainly: “It is impossible to bargain collectively with the government.”

Nothing fundamental changed in the ensuing years, except this: A rapidly growing economy, undergirded by robust free enterprise and small government (at least relative to today) made public-sector collective bargaining temporarily appear affordable. That was an illusion, of course, as the financial crisis and sluggish economy made clear. A majority of Wisconsinites have shown that they recognize this fact.

Wisconsin is in better fiscal shape today — and will be for the foreseeable future — because of Scott Walker’s reforms. Perhaps more importantly, Walker was the progenitor of a series of changes, not just in policy, but also in public attitudes, about the relationship between public employees, politicians and taxpayers.
Walker’s electoral victory is important. But setting in motion what is becoming a national trend will be his legacy.

Arthur C. Brooks is president of the American Enterprise Institute, a public-policy think tank. His new book is The Road to Freedom: How to Win the Fight for Free Enterprise (Basic Books).

Also Visit
AEIdeas Blog The American Magazine
About the Author


Arthur C.
  • Arthur C. Brooks is president of the American Enterprise Institute (AEI). He is also the Beth and Ravenel Curry Scholar in Free Enterprise at AEI.

    Immediately before joining AEI, Brooks was the Louis A. Bantle Professor of Business and Government at Syracuse University, where he taught economics and social entrepreneurship.

    Brooks is the author of 10 books and hundreds of articles on topics including the role of government, fairness, economic opportunity, happiness, and the morality of free enterprise. His latest book, “The Road to Freedom: How to Win the Fight for Free Enterprise” (2012) was a New York Times bestseller. Among his earlier books are “Gross National Happiness” (2008), “Social Entrepreneurship” (2008), and “Who Really Cares” (2006). Before pursuing his work in public policy, Brooks spent 12 years as a classical musician in the United States and Spain.

    Brooks is a frequent guest on national television and radio talk shows and has been published widely in publications including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and The Washington Post.

    Brooks has a Ph.D. and an M.Phil. in policy analysis from RAND Graduate School. He also holds an M.A. in economics from Florida Atlantic University and a B.A. in economics from Thomas Edison State College.

    Follow Arthur Brooks on Twitter.

  • Assistant Info

    Name: Danielle Duncan
    Phone: 202.419.5213
    Email: danielle.duncan@aei.org

What's new on AEI

image The money in banking: Comparing salaries of bank and bank regulatory employees
image What Obama should say about China in Japan
image A key to college success: Involved dads
image China takes the fight to space
AEI on Facebook
Events Calendar
  • 21
  • 22
  • 23
  • 24
  • 25
Wednesday, April 23, 2014 | 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.
Graduation day: How dads’ involvement impacts higher education success

Join a diverse group of panelists — including sociologists, education experts, and students — for a discussion of how public policy and culture can help families lay a firmer foundation for their children’s educational success, and of how the effects of paternal involvement vary by socioeconomic background.

Event Registration is Closed
Thursday, April 24, 2014 | 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.
Getting it right: A better strategy to defeat al Qaeda

This event will coincide with the release of a new report by AEI’s Mary Habeck, which analyzes why current national security policy is failing to stop the advancement of al Qaeda and its affiliates and what the US can do to develop a successful strategy to defeat this enemy.

Friday, April 25, 2014 | 9:15 a.m. – 1:15 p.m.
Obamacare’s rocky start and uncertain future

During this event, experts with many different views on the ACA will offer their predictions for the future.   

No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.
No events scheduled this day.