Syria has always been among the Middle East's most repressive dictatorships, in addition to serving as the home to terrorists that have killed American soldiers and non-combatants in Iraq, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and more. Now, Syria is under fire from within; since March 2011, thousands of innocent Syrians have been killed in ruthless assaults by the Assad regime. While government forces continue to bombard major cities with appalling brutality, US strategic interests argue for intervention in this pivotal Arab country. For ongoing coverage and analysis on the escalating attacks in Syria, keep updated by AEI's foreign and defense policy scholars.
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If the U.S. wants to break the military stalemate in Syria, force Assad into political concessions or aid in his ouster, eliminating his air power should be the first order of business.
Thinking strategically about the Muslim world, and Syria in particular, hasn’t been easy for Americans, but we ought to recognize that there are consequences for failing to do so.
In recent weeks, President Obama has worked assiduously to redefine and thereby back away from his earlier statements that Syria's Assad regime would face grave consequences if it used chemical weapons.
Two years after Syria’s uprising began, what role is Iran now playing? What specifically is it providing to Syria? AEI's Will Fulton provides clarity in a Q&A with the United States Institute of Peace.
The Islamic Republic of Iran has conducted an extensive, expensive, and integrated effort to keep President Bashar al-Assad in power as long as possible while setting conditions to retain its ability to use Syrian territory and assets should he fall.